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Manincor, Südtirol, Italy 2018 & 2019

The Manincor estate’s historical buildings date from 1608, built by Hieronymus Manincor. The emperor endowed him with land beside Lake Kaltern (the Katerersee) for his services to Austria and at the same time raised him to the ranks of the nobility.

The coat-of-arms, extended to accommodate his new status, ‘Man-in-cor’ means roughly ‘Hand on heart’ and can still be seen on the facade of the manor house. Hieronymus Manincor’s grand-daughter married one of Count Enzenberg’s ancestors in 1662. Since then there has been a relationship between the Manincor manor and the family which now runs it. In 1978 the estate became fully owned by the Counts Enzenberg.

The Enzenberg’s name appears in documents for the first time in 1236 and they have been resident in South Tyrol since around 1500. One ancestor, Kassian Ignaz Enzenberg, made a name for himself as a philosopher of the Enlightenment and reformer. Born in Brixen in 1709, Kassian was an official at the court of Maria Theresia and government representative in Bozen/Bolzano, where he undertook land reclamation by draining the marshy areas of Adige Valley, thereby transforming agriculture in the southern part of South Tyrol and considerably improving the health of South Tyrolean residents in these areas. In 1763 he was appointed to the recently established Tyrolean regional administration and raised a year later to the ranks of the Tyrolean nobility with the title of count, which corresponds to earl in Britain.

Today the land and properties administered by Count Michael Goëss-Enzenberg include vineyards, extensive fruit orchards and several manor houses. The Enzenberg family’s connection with wine-growing can be traced back to 1698. Documents from that year refer to Enzenberg wine cellars in Terlan, Kaltern and Schwaz in the Austrian Tyrol.

When Count Michael Goëss-Enzenberg took over Manincor from his uncle in 1991 the estate’s grape production was in high demand, though it had no winery of its own and the grapes from its top sites were sold to the Kaltern and Terlan Wine-growers’ Cooperative Cellars. This soon changed. The aim was to grow top quality grapes and transform them into wines in an immediately recognisable Manincor style.

Efforts initially went into the work in the vineyards, quality was increased by reducing yield per vine and eventually vineyard husbandry was carried out along more natural lines. Finally, in 1996, the estate was able to begin crushing the grape production in a cellar of its own.

A start with biodynamic grape growing was made in 2005, and a year later all the estate’s vineyards were managed this way. Certification was achieved in 2009. The orchards and an oak forest, all part of the estate, are also managed biodynamically. Wood from the oak forest is used in the production of a significant amount of the casks used in the winery.

The range of wines is presented in three ranges of ascending quality; Hand, Heart and Crown.

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